Home Spices
ALLSPICE

Allspice Tree

 

Alternate names: Pimento

Family: Myrtaceae

Height 25’ Width 15’

Flower Time: Spring

Harvest Time: July to August

Light: Full Sun

Soil: Moist well drained

Planting and care instructions

Native to: West Indies

Temperature before freezing: Mature 27˚ Young 32˚

Rate of Growth: Moderate

Salt Tolerance: Good

Fruit Description: When ripe the fruit is a purple color with a sweet spicy flavor. It is not recommended to eat many fresh fruit because it is a spice. Commercial Allspice is the dried berries. The leaves are also used in cooking.

Tree Description: The tree has deep green leaves with a white to grayish trunk. Its shape is tall and slender.

Uses: Allspice has the smell of cloves, nutmeg and cinnamon and some get the smell of mace and peppercorns. It is best known for is use in pumpkin pie. It may be purchased in the store as ground allspice or whole dried berries. The mature unripe fruit can be harvested from the tree, dried in the sun until they turn a dark reddish brown and used whole or ground in a coffee or spice grinder before use. The berries can make one of the best liqueurs called Pimiento Dram or Pimiento Liqueur. The berries are used as marinades for fish, shell fish and meats. The leaves can be used in cooking roast and other meats or boiled with shrimp or lobster and in potpourris. and the whole berries are used in pickling. The leaves can be boiled to fill the house with a nice natural aroma. The tree can be used as a specimen or as a hedge to about 8’.

Maintaining tree size: If the size of the Allspice is to large simply keep it trimmed down to a size that is comfortable for you. The leaves are still a good source of the spice to use in cooking.

Container plant: Allspice will make a good container plant with proper fertilizer and water and repotting when needed.

Problems: Puccinia psidii – eucalyptus rust, guava rust. This rust is identified by spots forming on the leaves and stems. Upon turning the leaf over, fuzzy yellow areas will be seen. If you think you may have this, collect a sample, place it into a ziplock bag and take it to your County Extension Service. At their office they will be able to advise you on the proper remedy for this fungus.

 

Ripening Allspice Berries

Allspice Berries Ripe Harvested